Category Archives: Case of the month

Case of the month

A Stab to the Neck – a Haemothorax, a Pneumothorax and an Air Embolism in the Heart

A Stab to the Neck – a Haemothorax, a Pneumothorax and an Air Embolism in the Heart

An air embolism is gas or air entrainment in the circulatory system, either in an artery(arterial embolism) or in a vein (venous embolism). This can occur when there is a breach in the cardiovascular system.Continue Reading

Full-body Imaging to Obviate Autopsy in a case of Death from Bronchiolitis

Full-body Imaging to Obviate Autopsy in a case of Death from Bronchiolitis

A case study from the Salt River Forensic Pathology Services Laboratory, Cape Town, South Africa.

Introduction
Bronchiolitis is a respiratory tract infection of the bronchioles, the tiny terminal branches of the airways in the lungs. It is usually caused by a viral infection and mostly affects infants and young children because of their small airways. Although it is generally a mild disease, it can develop into ...

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Lodox for the Multiple Gunshot Wound Patient

Lodox for the Multiple Gunshot Wound Patient

A case study from Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.

Introduction

A patient with multiple gunshot wounds presents many challenges for the attending physician. Though resuscitation and definitive management must happen rapidly, the traditional imaging methods required to inform treatment are often slow, cumbersome and located outside of resuscitation areas. The advantage of the Lodox machine is that it facilitates a fast, low-dose, ...

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Use of Lodox for Emergency Room Angiography

Use of Lodox for Emergency Room Angiography

A case study from the Accident & Emergency Unit of the Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, South Africa.

Introduction
Suspected injury to peripheral vasculature is not an uncommon occurrence in the Emergency Room (ER), and could result from fracture, dislocation or other trauma to the limbs. Either soft signs (history of bleeding, injury in proximity to major vascular structure, small non-expanding haematoma or diminished pulse) or hard ...

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Full-body Imaging to Obviate Autopsy in a case of Death by Tuberculosis

Full-body Imaging to Obviate Autopsy in a case of Death by Tuberculosis

A case study from the Salt River Mortuary, Cape Town, South Africa; one of the world’s busiest mortuaries.

Introduction 

Tuberculosis (TB) is a common infectious disease, usually caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease usually attacks the lungs, but may also affect other organs or areas of the body. It is spread through the air by sputum particles, particularly when the patient coughs or sneezes. Left untreated, the ...

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